CHRONOLOGY of MUNDIALISM and
The League of Nations was an international
organization introduced by the Treaty of Versailles in
1919 with the aim of preserving peace in Europe. Based in
Geneva, first in the Wilson Palace and then at the Palace
of Nations, it was replaced in 1945 by the United Nations
organization. It did not fully play its role before the
outbreak of the Second World War. The main promoter of
the League of Nations was the President of the United
States Woodrow Wilson,former professor of political
science at Princeton University. According to his
analysis of the First World War,secret diplomacy has been
the main cause and the League of Nations became a
Wilson's14th point then constitutes the basis
for this association of Nations. However, the American
Senate,whilst opposed to the ratification of the
Versailles Treaty, voted against membership to the
League of Nations and the United States did not ever
become a member. In between the two world wars, the
Soviet Union and Nazi Germany as well as Japan(in
1933) came out of the League of Nations.
Paul HYMANS became the first President of the
League of Nations in 1920.
The American Lola M. LLOYD and the Hungarian Rosika
SHWIMMER proposed a plan for a World Constituent Assembly
whose members would be elected directly by the entire
people of the World to draw up a World Constitution .
December 1937 :
The American Lola M. LLOYD and the Hungarian Rosika
SHWIMMER founded in Chicago the Campaign for World
Formation in England of the Federal Union.
In 1939, Federal Union
fixed its headoffice in the United States.
Consequently, Federal Union became Association to
Unite the Democracies.
1940 : Formation in Switzerland of the Swiss
Popular Movement in favour of Peoples Federation.
United States : The Committee for the Promotion of a
World Constitution met at the University of Chicago and
threw the broad outlines for a World Constitution.
Robert Sarrazac founded with two friends the center of
Research and Mundialist Expression at the same time along
a small network of about twenty comrades : The Human
Front of World Citizens.
The English Parliamentarian Henry USBORNE, taking
again the idea of Lola Lloyd and Rosika Swimmer (Peoples
Constituent Assembly) gave himself the task of convening
it. A popular Movement Crusade for World Government will
sustain the British parliamentarians who regrouped around
13 to 16 October
The International Federalists met at Luxembourg and
took the name Movement for a Federal World
United States : Five small federalist organizations
met at Ashville (North Carolina) and agreed to set up an
Union of World Federalists.
17 to 24 August
Switzerland : 51 organizations met at Montreux and
founded the Universal Movement for a World
In 1954, the name of the association was
changed to World Movement for World Federal Government
until in 1956. Afterwards it became World Association
for World Federation(WAWF) and then to World
Federalist Movement(20th Congress in 1987. The World
Federalist Movement is a Non-Governmental organization
whose headoffice is in New York and has a consultative
status at the U. N. .
WFM's ambition is to 'invest the world institutions
with democratic political authority to enable it
handle problems which can only be dealt with at global
levels whilst recognizing the sovereignty of states in
certain areas of their internal politics. The movement
campaigns for the strengthening of the U. N and its
democratization for the political control of the
economy at global level and for the setting-up of big
'regional federations', an intermediary step towards a
May 1948 :
Garry Davis, American pilot of the last war, abandons
his nationality and placed himself under the protection
of the U. N.
5 to 11 September
2nd Conference of Luxembourg. On the agenda : The
revision of the U. N Charter. Formation of an
International Piloting Committee, charged to coordinate
all actions in favour of the Constituent Assembly.
In Paris, at the Chaillot Palace headoffice of the
U.N., Robert Sarrazac and Garry Davis interrupted the
General Assembly of the United Nations to require the
democratization and supranationality of the U. N.
At Paris, winter cycle-racing track, more than 17000
people participated in a meeting during which the reply
to the President of the United Nations General Assembly
to the letter sent by the World Citizens in Paris was
read . 'The U. N. is not there to make peace, but to
maintain it when the states would have organized it.
In Paris , the U.N.adopted the Universal Declaration
of Human Rights.
Article 28 reads :
entitled to a social and international order in which
the rights and freedoms set forth in this declaration
can be fully realised.
January 1949 :
The World Citizens Secretariat decided to structure
itself and form a World Citizens Registry. Its
announcement was made on the 1st of January by Garry
Davis. The statutes of the International Secretariat of
World Citizens were deposited at the Paris Police
Headquarters on 27 July 1949. The International Registry
of World Citizens was presented as the technical office
of the Secretariat.
In 2006, the registry of World Citizens is
officially represented by more than 50 Correspondents or
Registration Centers in 40 countries.
The state of Tennessee(U. S. A. ) at the initiative of
Fyke FARMER adopted a law organizing the official
elections to the Peoples Constituent Assembly. These
would take place on the 3rd august 1950. Three (3)
parliamentarians out of whom FARMER would be elected, one
person by a million voters.
The electoral law will be declared illegal in 1952 by
an American Court of Justice.
Cahors : Town Council of the Department LOT(France)
declares itself world citizens' town.
This first mundialization has been the
beginning of a large movement which involved about 960
towns, district councils, departments, regions and
even a state within 13 countries. . Close to half of
the provinces of Japan have adopted the mundialization
declarations . In 1966, a global council for
mundialization was formed by the World Movement for
Federal World Government (WMFWG) and its headoffice is
in Japan at Hiroshima.
This movement still continues and the last
mundialized town has been the Kashusha locality(South
Kivu, Congo D. R. ) on the 25 july 2006
and 25 June 1950. :
CAHORS : To celebrate the first anniversary of the
town's mundialization, a big meeting brought together
more than 50,000 people (the quasi-totality of the
population at the time)near the historical bridge at
These days will remain --come what
may--engraved in the history of Lot and even of the
world. Flags with global colours floated on certain
public buildings by the side of the French
tri-coloured flag, the jubilant crowd gathered at the
feet of the town-hall to religiously listen to the
Nobel Peace Prize laureate of 1949, Lord BOYD ORR,
founder of the FAO at the U. N. who came from far-away
Scotland. The bridge at Valentry was the center of
attraction for one of the first spectacles,'Sounds and
Lights'. I had even composed the musical programme :
the first movement of Beethoven's 1st symphony burst
out in the fireworks. Afterwards, everybody
accompanied by foreign delegation took the 1st World
Road N'1. On the heights, town folks had lighted huge
fires from the Saint-Jean
On arrival at Saint-Cirq-Lapopie in front of the
blazing medieval village, Andre Breton, a participant
himself was amazed by the surreal ambience.
Interview with Doctor Louise Sauve.
30 December 1950
Opening in Geneva of the World Constituent Assembly,
with the participation of delegates coming from 27
countries (among whom 2 World deputies of Tennessee).
Such meeting, at the initiative of a
committee formed in 1948 in Ghent (Belgium), worked in
convergence of several movements including the Global
Parliamentary Group of Great Britain, MUCM, the World
Movement for World Federal Government, the
International Secretariat of World Citizens and
representatives of globalized Territories (now called
World Citizens Territories). It may be noted, over 450
participants, the presence of Robert Sarrazac, Jacques
Savary, Mrs. Lloyd, Guy Marchand, Claudius Schauffler,
Renee Volpeliere, Edmond Privat, Fyke Farmer, Henry
Usborne, Max Habicht, Maurice Cosyn, John Diedisheim,
Alfred Rodrigues Brent . Unfortunately, this meeting
in Geneva ended in failure based on the finding of a
lack of representativeness
to 29 September 1951 :
London Conference : Formation of the Universal
Association of Parliamentarians for a World Government.
This Association credited to Henry USBORNE will go so far
to regroup 800 parliamentarians in 10 countries (in
In Denmark, 98% of the Parliamentarians will declare
From the period
1951 to 1957 :
The WMWFG which originally had received the support of
Lord BOYD ORR, Nobel Prize for Peace in 1949, Lord
ATTLEE, Jean LECANUET, Thor HEYERDHAL will be relocated
from the Congress of Rome (1951) to the Hague Congress
(1957) and came under the presidency of the strong
personality of the Norwegian Hjalmar RIISER-LARSEN.
Enthusiasm eased as well as the Korean War and then the
cold war, the' Mac-Carthysm ' in the United States, the
Suez canal affair of 1956, the clear minimalist tendency,
ie, those in favour of a simple U. N. reform and from the
WMWFG,would come the main reasons for the suffocation of
Mundialism and the eventual fall of its own workforce.
The World Citizens, more ' maximalist' will refuse to
regroup with the WMFWG.
Garry Davis creates " World Service Authority ", a
trade undertaking of civil status.
March 1955 :
Presentation of the 'NEPTUNO' plan to the British
Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Aim : Internationalizing the
oceans, the sea-beds and the Antarctica.
The same day the French Minister Edgar FAURE presented
a plan for the free use of funds by means of a universal
disarmament program for help to the under developed
November 1956 :
For the first time in history, an international Police
Force intervenes. The U.N.peace -keeping troops took
position in Egypt after the Franco-British expedition on
the Suez Canal.
With his friends Maurice COZYN, a Belgian pacifist and
Jacques SAVARY, painter and French poet (who will in 1965
be the editor of the Appeal of the 13) A.RODRIGUES-BRENT
presents to the International Registry of World Citizens
the Peoples Congress Project.
Formation of the DENVER GROUP, Colorado-U. S. A. World
Committee for a World Constitutional Committee,
originally enlivened by Phillip ISELY, who from
conference to conference, (Geneva, Milan) will not cease
to campaign for the Constituent Assembly and will even
succeed to begin to reunite a Peoples World Parliament at
Interlaken in( Switzerland) and Wolfach in 1968.
The name changed : Association for a
Parliament and a World Constitution. The 'Parliament '
took the name of Provisional World Parliament. It's
about a co-opted parliament and not an elected one.
The 9th session of this parliament took place in
Tripoli (Libya) in the month of May 2006.
April 1960 :
Common statements from England, France, Canada, the U.
S. A. and Italy to the Geneva Conference, according to
which they will be ready to accept a World
April 1963 :
Encyclical letter from the Pope John 23rd ' : Pacem in
Today the universal
common good presents us with problems which are
world-wide in their dimensions; problems, therefore,
which cannot be solved except by a public authority
with power, organization and means co-extensive with
these problems, and with a world-wide sphere of
activity. Consequently the moral order itself demands
the establishment of some such general form of public
authority. Public Authority Instituted by Common
Consent and Not Imposed by Force
3 - 5 May
In Brussels, Maurice COSYN organized a congress from
which will come the The Committee for the Peoples
Congress(of which RODRIGUES-BRENT will be the Secretary
Formation of the Association of World Citizens in San
Fransisco. A.W.C. works for disarmament, world democracy
and the reinforcement of the United Nations. A.W.C.
collaborated for nearly 30 years with the Registry of
March 1966 :
Thirteen personalities of World reputation launched
the Appeal of the 13. All through 1966, this text will be
taken over by different newspapers in very many
December 1968 :
Meeting of 3000 people at the Mutuality, organized by
the French Registration Center for World Citizens to
launch the 1st transnational election in the history of
On the rostrum, JOSUE DE CASTRO, Mrs NEHRU,
JEAN ROSTAND at the side of Alfred KASTLER, Louis
LECOIN, CLARA CANDIANI, LEONIDE MOGUY,
RODRIGUES-BRENT, GUY MARCHAND, Theodore MONOD.
March to 7 June 1969
1st transnational election in the history of humanity.
It is the first phase of election to the peoples
Congress. 10,000 registered in 87 countries. Jeanne Hasle
(France) and Josue De CASTRO (Brazil) were elected.
The following election will take place in
1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1980, 1984, 1987, 1994 and
At every election, 2 elected delegates and 2 deputy
delegates per 10,000 voters. On the whole, 20
substantive delegates and 20 deputy delegates.
Note that this electoral method is no more
practiced. See below : October 2003.
April 1970 :
1st Earth Day in the U. S. A. at the initiative of the
Senator-Democrat of the State of Wisconsin GAYLORD
NELSON. 20 million people answered his appeal. Held on
the 22 April for 36 years, the Earth day has become
global in 1990. Today 500 million people in 184 countries
participate every year in this planet feast.
New big meeting of World Citizens. 3,000 people at the
Mutuality. The theme : The U. N. and human rights.
Resolution 2749 of the U. N. which make the sea-beds
the common heritage of humanity.
Formation of World Rescue Body.
In 1971, a terrible tidal wave ravaged
Eastern Pakistan(present day Bangladesh) and caused
more than 100,000 deaths.
Clara CANDIANI, ABBE PIERRE, MICHEL CEPEDE, Gilbert
CESBRON, Theodore MONOD, Alfred KASTLER, Robert BURON
decided to form a permanent body of voluntary rescuers
specialized in the natural catastrophy rescues with
the objective of saving human lives and to come to the
aid of disaster-stricken populations of the world.
U. N. : Formation of UNDRO (United Nations
Disaster Relief Organization), charged to mobilize and
coordinate the assistance given by different organisms
such as FAO, WHO, and UNICEF.
Under the presidency of Rector Robert MALLET :
- Formation of MURS : Universal Movement for
- Constitution in Paris of the Permanent Mundialist
July 1977 :